Valuation of shares actually means determination of the value of the exact part of the subject company (business) attributable to
the amount of shares in question. Valuation can be conducted to determine market value of ordinary or preference shares issued by public or private joint-stock companies.
Valuation of shares is mostly based on determining the value of subject shares as a financial instrument generating profit for its owner. The principal forms of income
are dividends and equity price rise due to improved financial performance of the company, growth of business and its assets. Therefore, the principal methods
of shares valuation are the capital market method, net asset value method, discounted cash flow and income capitalization methods.
The size of the subject block of shares is also very important for valuation. E.g. valuation of a controlling block usually warrants a premium for control, i.e. for the
ability of its owner to appoint members of the management team and conduct management of the company. The control premium may amount to 30 – 40 percent of the average
price calculated on the basis of the value of business and number of issued shares, while the minority discount may come up to 20 – 30 percent of this price.
liquidity of the shares in question is an important characteristic significantly affecting the value of the subject. Shares of open joint-stock companies listed and traded on a
stock exchange have the highest liquidity, while shares of private joint-stock companies have lower liquidity.
This list of documents is preliminary and may be reduced or expanded after the valuer’s detailed review of the valuation assignment, depending on the purpose of valuation.
Should you have any queries regarding valuation of shares in Russia, please contact us.